As obvious as it sounds , Soy fabric is derived from soybeans , which is a plant. We have all heard about Soy, which is a nutritious legume and is widely used but is indegineous to Asia. It is a protein dense food and used in diets . While it is unknown to most, soybeans were used in Japan to make fabric back in the 1940s. Though they were successful in making the fabric . But it was not functional at that time. But now his protein based fibre has gained popularity due to its environmental properties.
China is the biggest producer of soy fabric along with the United States and Brazil. The cost of soy fabric is almost the same as that of cotton. There are different types of soy fabrics which include Pure Soy Fabric , which is made from pure soy protein which is flexible and shiny, Soy-Cotton and is a blend of cotton and soy and has the luster of silk, and Soy-Wool which is good for winter . It is gentle on the skin and is used in the production of shirts and clothing. It is eco-friendly and has a silky and soft feel to it.
Soy protein fibre is produced from byproducts of the soybean industry. Soy Fabric has antibacterial activity and is friendly to the environment. It is silky , soft and is breathable and comfortable. It has a cashmere feel to it as the fibres and light and soft. This fabric has a luxurious touch to it and it drapes elegantly and can be used in sarees and scarves like silk. This fabric holds its colours and is extremely high in moisture absorbility.
It is one of the most environmentally friendly fabrics. Primarily manufacturers use natural processes to separate the protein present in soybean hulls from other compounds. Then the soybean protein slurry is exposed to treatments that reduce its coarseness with the use of alkali. Then the resulting slurry is extruded through spinnerets. Chemicals are then used to increase its durability. Then the fibres are spinned into a yarn and sent for dyeing without exposing it to bleach.
Soy fabric has a complex and multifaceted environmental impact. On the surface, soy fabric appears to be one of the most environmentally friendly fabrics because it is made from a waste material. The production of soy fabric diverts waste from the landfill and gives it a new purpose. Soy fabric is truly lovely, and it can be used for a wide variety of garments and soft furnishings. As some fabrics become more difficult to produce and we shift away from environmentally damaging synthetic materials, natural fabrics such as soy will become increasingly popular. It also has the huge advantage of being relatively inexpensive to produce.
One disadvantage of soy fabric is that 70% of the world’s soy fabric is currently manufactured in China . It uses almost exclusively genetically modified soy. The plant necessitates a large amount of irrigation and pesticides for cultivation. The use of alkali is dangerous . In the pursuit of maximum profit, textile manufacturers frequently disregard environmental priorities in China.
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